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Structural Steel Contractors are highly skilled tradesman that specialize in the fabrication and construction of structural steel used for:
This article will provide you with every single detail you need to know about
"A structural steel contractor fabricates and erects structural steel shapes and plates, of any profile, perimeter or cross-section, that are or may be used as structural members for buildings and structures, including the riveting, welding, rigging and metal roofing systems necessary to perform this work" - CSLB.GOV
The C-51 license is the classification required in the state of California for all persons looking to bid on structural steel projects where the cost of labor and materials exceeds $500.
The C-51 license can cover a variety of different duties and skill sets.
Structural Steel can take on many shapes and is used as the internal support mechanism for buildings and structures but generally structural steel contractors engage in duties including:
To get the C-51 license, you will be tested on all aspects of fabrication, shaping, and installation of steel. You must be familiar with all of these disciplines.
A structural steel contractor is legally not allowed to bid on a project that falls outside of the spectrum of reinforced steel fabrication and placing.
Structural steel contractors typically work with General Engineering Contractors, architects or developers.
The C-51 license is typically held by steel contracting firms that engage in large scale engineering projects.
A General Engineering Contractor oversees that the structural steel subcontractor has executed their duties in adherence to code.
Learn more about the General Engineering Contractor License!
The Contractors State License Board (CSLB) is the governing body for all contractors in the state of California.
Their responsibility is to protect the consumer public and ensure that anyone charging over $500 for construction services is qualified and registered with the state of California.
The reinforcing steel contractor license is issued to contractors by the CSLB.
The CSLB administers applications, exams, and maintains a database of all active and inactive contractor license numbers which are public domain.
Structural steel contractors in California must prove a minimum of 4 years journeyman level experience and pass a two part state exam with the Contractor State License Board.
To qualify for an exam date you must meet the the following requirements:
You must also have:
Journeyman level experience means that you have worked unsupervised full time for a structural steel contractor that holds the C-51 license.
The CSLB will want to see four full-time years over the last ten years. The years do not need to be consecutive, but they do need to be four years in total.
The following people may be used as Qualifying Individuals to sign off on your experience when applying for the C-51 license:
Your Qualifying Individual will also need to provide a brief but detailed description of your knowledge and skillset.
The way this description is written will be critical to whether or not your application is accepted. For example:
"Rob has worked with steel for a long time” is not descriptive enough.
The CSLB will want to see something more like:
"Rob has installed welded wire mesh, pre-tension tendons, fabricated steel reinforcing bars, erected rails, ladders, catwalks, read blueprints, estimated for materials and done job site evaluations" etc.
You must be prepared to submit documentation supporting the experience you claim to have. The Contractors State License Board gives you a few ways that you can prove your experience.
The CSLB receives thousands of applications per month so there is a good chance they won’t document your experience but if you are one of the applicants that get reviewed you will need to be ready to submit something.
The CSLB does not accept pictures of projects.
The time it takes to get your application processed and assigned a test date fluctuates throughout the year.
Typically you can expect:
I have seen some situations where applicants got their test date sooner and some where they got their test date much later.
The most common reasons your application would get held up are:
The Current CSLB fees are:
Having a criminal record in no way stops you from getting a C-51 License. I have personally helped guys with all types of criminal records obtain multiple licenses.
The key is to be honest on the application, even if the felony or misdemeanor happened years ago and even if it was expunged.
BE 100% HONEST ON THE APPLICATION, because they will see everything anyway when you do fingerprinting.
The CSLB handles criminal records on a case by case basis. Remember, their responsibility is to protect the public. In my experience, they primarily concerned with criminal charges associated with:
In the state of California, you are required to divulge any criminal charges when applying for any state license even if they have been expunged.
You will need to be prepared to submit anything they ask for regarding your criminal history.
The exam will be:
The Structural Steel ( C-51 License) Exam is broken up into 5 sections:
1. Planning and Estimation (20%)
2. Job Preparation (15%)
3. Shop Fabrication (20%)
4. Field Erection (20%)
5. Safety (25%)
Currently, there are CSLB testing locations in the following cities
Learn more about Contractor License LAW
Some things to remember:
I have helped structural steel companies from all over the country get licensed in California. Many are startled by how strict the laws are here.
Be as prepared as you possibly can. Studying just 10 mintues a day consistently can dramatically increase your chances of passing the test on your first try.
Focus on and study ONLY the information that you need to pass the C-51 License for Structural Steel.
If you don’t have the 4 years required journeyman level experience to get a C-51 license, your journey begins here.
Steel is a global multi-billion dollar sector. Generally, someone looking to get into this trade would find union or apprenticeship program.
For a detailed explanation on this process, check out my article: Apprentice vs Journeyman.
After gaining the necessary 4 years journeyman level experience, you would then be able to apply for the C-51 contractors license.
It is critical for structural steel contractors to be able to read construction blueprints or at least be able to recognize lines and symbols.
Construction blueprints communicate important information about how a structure has been built as well as what materials are necessary or have been used for its construction.
Being comfortable with construction blueprints is an invaluable skill for all tradesman but is especially important for those looking to get the C-51 license.
See our Free Blueprint Reading Course.
Statistically, 21% of all work-related fatalities are in construction.
That equals about 1 and 5 worker deaths on average. In the construction industry, the leading cause of worker deaths is reported as falls, struck by an object, electrocution, and caught-in/between.
The steel industry is notoriously dangerous, especially if your workers are not properly trained.
For employment with a steel contractor it is typically required that you have completed some level of OSHA training.
Learn more about OSHA Training
Getting the C-51 License can be a huge step up in your career if you are looking to start your own company or become an RMO for an existing firm!
The key is to take action and follow these steps from beginning to end.
If you have found this article helpful feel free to drop a comment below and be sure to check back for updates!
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